Jawaharlal Nehru National Science, Mathematics and Environment Exhibition for Children
With a view to encourage, popularize and inculcate scientific temper among the children of the country, NCERT organizes national level science exhibition every year where children showcase their talents in science and mathematics and their applications in different areas related with our everyday life.
The first Science Exhibition was jointly organized under the banner of the National Science Exhibition for Children in 1971, by the NCERT and the University Grants Commission (UGC) at Delhi. The subsequent National Science Exhibitions for Children have been organized by NCERT alone.
From 1972 to 1978, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund collaborated with the NCERT in its efforts to popularise Science Exhibitions by jointly sponsoring the National and State Level Science Exhibitions.
In 1988 with the birth centenary celebration of Jawaharlal Nehru, the National Science Exhibition was renamed as the ‘Jawaharlal Nehru National Science Exhibition for Children’. This year being celebrated as Year of Mathematics and to give more emphasis on environment-related issues, this exhibition is now renamed as Jawaharlal Nehru National Science, Mathematics and Environment Exhibition (JNNSMEE) for Children.
In order to ensure the widest possible participation and involvement of students and teachers in the programme, NCERT organises exhibition in two phases. In the first phase, exhibitions are held in each and every state and union territory from the district, to the state level. This first phase is known as State Level Science, Mathematics and Environment Exhibition (SLSMEE) for Children. All participating states, union territories and other educational organisations like CBSE (for its affiliated independent public schools), Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, DAE Central Schools and Demonstration Multipurpose Schools of NCERT forward their selected entries to NCERT for consideration for participation in the National Exhibition – the second phase of NCERT’s organizing Science, Mathematics and Environment Exhibitions. The national Exhibition – now called JNNSMEE – is organized every year by the NCERT in a state/UT, on rotation basis. The exhibits for display in this national exhibition are selected at NCERT on the basis of a notified criterion.
Objectives of the Exhibition
- to provide a forum for children to pursue their natural curiosity and inventiveness to quench their thirst for creativity;
- to make children feel that science is all around us and we can gain knowledge as well as solve many problems also by relating the learning process to the physical and social environment;
- to lay emphasis on the development of science and technology as a major instrument for achieving goals of self-reliance and socio-economic and socio-ecological development;
- to highlight the role of science and technology for producing good quality and environmental friendly materials for the use of society;
- to encourage children to visualise future of the nation and help them become sensitive and responsible citizens;
- to analyse how science has developed and is affected by many diverse individuals, cultures, societies and environment;
- to develop critical thinking about global issues to maintain healthy and sustainable societies in today’s environment;
- to apply mathematics and information technology to visualise and solve problems pertaining to everyday life etc.;
- to appreciate the role of science in meeting the challenges of life such as climate change, opening new avenues in the area of agriculture, fertiliser, food processing, biotechnology, green energy, disaster management, information and communication technology, astronomy, transport, games and sports etc.; and
- to create awareness about environmental issues and concerns and inspiring children to devise innovative ideas towards their mitigation.
The organisation of these exhibitions envisages that children and teachers would try to analyse all aspects of human endeavor with a view to identify where and how the new researches and developments in science and technology can bring and sustain progress of society leading to improvement for the challenges of life. The organisation of science, mathematics and environment exhibitions also provide opportunities to all participating students, teachers and visitors to get acquainted with different kind of equipment, devices and techniques. This exercise enables the students and teachers to generate scientific ideas for addressing various problems of the society and environment.
Right from its inception, each exhibition has focused on a specific theme. An account of themes of different exhibitions since 1979 is given in Table – 1. In order to facilitate the preparation of exhibits and models for display and the organisation of state level exhibitions, a set of sub-themes is also provided. NCERT has also been providing printed Guidelines for the Preparation of Exhibits and Models, and for Organising Exhibitions to all states/UTs and other educational organistaions. The importance of each sub-theme in the context of the main theme and a number of suggestive ideas for development of exhibits are also given in these Guidelines. These Guidelines are also uploaded on the NCERT website www.ncert.nic.in. In order to encourage the efforts of NCERT in the popularisation of science, a catalytic grant is also provided to each and every State and Union Territories.
During the exhibition, the participating students and teachers not only display their scientific talents through their models and exhibits, but also get an opportunity to listen to some of the eminent scientists and scholars of the region in which the exhibition is organised. Additionally, they would be able to interact with one another and share their views and, in the process, also share the diverse cultures of our country.